Qhapaq Ñan, an Andean way to discover
- Published: Friday, 23 October 2015 18:04
In recent months and days it has been appointed much the way called Qhapaq Ñan in Northern Argentina...
In Quechua language it means "Way Home" and refers to the pre-Hispanic Andean road leading to travel about 6000 km north-south. It reached its greatest extent in the Inca stage, it is why it is also called Inca Trail.
Qhapaq Ñan is a walking path Andean countries of Argentina, Perú, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. In our country this road crosses the provinces of Salta, Jujuy, Tucuman, La Rioja, Catamarca, San Juan and Mendoza. Venturing to travel these roads is a journey that invites all be traced back hundreds of years old.
As several of the Argentine North Andean roads are not only routes that allow us to reach a point, but they are accompanied by stunning mountain scenery, some of them cut through valleys and gorges others pass by towering volcanoes and even some cross ... Make up a large network that is worth knowing because it is a unique experience marked by ancestral rites.
Andean culture is very interesting because it has several thousand years. The Qhapaq Ñan was more than a simple road that linked the different geographies and ecosystems also represented the symbolic presence of the power and authority of the Inca state. Another important fact is that the use of it was exclusive to its members.
Despite the thousands of kilometers to travel these roads archaeological exist common characteristics in style of construction, characteristic that makes them unique. In areas where the ground was flattened traced a perfectly straight, as is the case of the line of Tin Tin (see tour to Cachi). Another distinctive element was to connect two points or localities always trying to distance as small as possible, but not other issues such as the availability of water and the lower slope of the land is neglected. The techniques used for the construction of these roads, were directed to reduce stress and physical exhaustion of those who should walk it.
Some of the sections and sites in Northern Argentina and Santa Rosa de Tastil, Potrero de Payogasta, The Granary La Poma and Ceremonial Complex Volcano Llullaillaco were recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
One thing to note is that in the city of Salta, the Anthropology Museum and the Museum of High Altitude Archaeology help us understand more about the richness of this road worth venturing to find out.