Information to whoever wants to leave the country from the northern region of Argentina. Here you will find the characteristics of the steps toward border into Chile and Bolivia.

Borders to Chile 

Sico

For the route 51 can reach the crossing of Sico, 4093 meters above sea level and 297 km. of Salta City.
Comunicate Salta with the Chilean city of San Pedro de Atacama, which is 211 km. of the Sico border crossing.

Huaytiquina

Turning 30 km. Cauchari locality, taking Route 37 until Catua town. From Salta city is 302 km. and from here to San Pedro de Atacama is 163 km.
This step is in a state of semi-abandonment.

Socompa

For Cauchari, taking Route 27, near Caipe town, born a path heading northwest, after that, at 71 km. leads to this step which is 3876 meters above sea level.
Since this step to Antofagasta (Chile) there are 306 km.
There are only service for travelers in this Chilean city.

Jama (In Jujuy province)

This is the most commonly step used because it was recently completely asphalted. Communicate with Chile to Argentina through the Corridor Bioceánico Atlantico – Pacifico.
Extreme temperature in summer: -5 at night and 15 degrees during the day.
Extreme temperature in winter: -20 overnight and 5 degrees during the day.

Steps borders to Bolivia

Pocitos-Yacuiba

On Route 9, at 46 km. Salta until Güemes, and then take Route 34, heading north. It passes through the province of Jujuy and Salta to re-enter. Passing through Tartagal, Salvador Mazza, and thence to the Bolivian city of Yacuiba.
This step is 380 km. from Salta City.
Average summer temperature: 41 degrees.
Average winter temperature: 20 degrees.

Aguas Blancas

On Route 34 to the town of Pichanal. Here comes the route 50, leading to Aguas Blancas, which is 2 km. that an international bridge Argentina with Bolivia.
Average summer temperature: 43 degrees.
Average winter temperature: 20 degrees.

La Quiaca-Villazon (In Jujuy Province)

The city and the international bridge of La Quiaca, is almost at the point end of the country.
It connects the towns of La Quiaca, (18,000 inhabitants.), And the town of Villazon in Bolivia (24,000 inhabitants).
Average summer temperature: 30 degrees.
Average winter temperature: 18 degrees.

This table content useful information on distances and heights of the major cities of North Argentina.

Distances from Salta City
Town
Route Nº
Km.
Miles
masl
Buenos Aires
34
1660
1031
0
Aeropuerto Salta
51
9
6
1145
Aeropuerto Jujuy
34
90
56
Vaqueros (Salta)
9
8
5
1200
La Caldera (Salta)
9
23
14
1455
Embalse Campo Alegre (Salta)
9
27
17
1300
Embalse Las Lomitas (Salta)
51
27
17
1500
Campo Quijano (Salta)
51
30
19
1520
Cerrillos (Salta)
68
15
9
1190
La Merced (Salta)
68
24
15
1248
La Viña (Salta)
68
88
55
1572
San Lorenzo (Salta)
10
6
1400
Cafayate (Salta)
68
186
116
1660
El Carril (Salta)
68
37
23
1170
Chicoana (Salta)
68
47
29
1270
Colalao del Valle (Tucumán)
68
217
135
Coronel Moldes (Salta)
68
62
39
1104
El Alisal (Salta)
51
45
28
1811
Embalse Cabra Corral (Salta)
47
84
52
1042
Embarcación (Salta)
34
270
168
Guachipas (Salta)
68
97
60
1120
Güemes (Salta)
9
52
32
733
Humahuaca (Jujuy)
9
245
152
2939
ing. Maury (Salta)
51
65
40
2359
Iruya (Salta)
315
196
2730
J.V. Gonzáles (Salta)
16
250
155
378
La Quiaca (Jujuy)
9
411
255
Lesser (Salta)
RP 115
20
12
1480
Los Yacones (Salta)
RP 115
28
17
1572
Metan (Salta)
9
134
83
858
Molinos (Salta)
33/40
210
130
2020
Oran (Salta)
34
286
178
326
Payogasta (Salta)
33
147
91
2410
Pichanal (Salta)
34
250
155
306
Piedra del Molino (Salta)
33
93
58
3400
Posta de Yatasto (Salta)
9
147
91
796
Purmamarca (Jujuy)
9
154
96
Rosario de la Frontera (Salta)
9
173
107
791
Rosario de Lerma (Salta)
68
29
18
1334
S.A. de los Cobres (Salta)
51
168
104
3775
S.M. de Tucumán
Por 68
420
261
S.M. de Tucumán
Por 9
311
193
S.S. de Jujuy
Por 9
92
57
1552
S.S. de Jujuy
Por 34
124
77
1552
San Carlos (Salta)
68
212
132
1710
Santa Rosa de Tastil (Salta)
51
103
64
3110
Seclantas (Salta)
33/40
184
114
2060
Tafi del Valle (Tucumán)
68
306
190
Tartagal (Salta)
34
365
227
502
Termas de Reyes (Jujuy)
9
111
69
Tilcara (Jujuy)
9
176
109
Aguas Blancas (Salta)
50
327
203
Alemania (Salta)
68
105
65
1175
Amaicha del Valle (Tucumán)
68
248
154
Ampascachi (Salta)
68
65
40
1112
Angastaco (Salta)
68
258
160
1990
Animana (Salta)
68
200
124
1695
Cachi (Salta)
RP 33
160
99
2280

In general, northern of Argentina, is a tropical zone, so the weather is usually warm. But when there countless regions with special characteristics, this suffers many variations.
There is a huge weather  range from the cold desert of the Andes and the puna, until the subtropical heat of the jungle.
The orientation of the mountainous cords plays an important role in the distribution of rainfall.

There are 4 regions with diferent climate:

East region or Chaco Salteño

Is the area known as “El Chaco salteño.” It has a semi-arid climate with dry season (winter), with an average annual rainfall of 500 mm. and average temperatures in the range of 20 ° C, having recorded temperatures of up to 47 ° C in summer and -5 ° C in winter, marked by extreme temperature variations

West Region or Puna

Is the area bounded by the Altiplano or Puna. It is characterized by sudden temperature fluctuations and low rainfall, which mostly did not exceed 200 mm per year, and average annual temperatures in the range of 10 ° C, which correspond to the arid Andean.

North and South or the Valleys

The area of valleys, canyons and hills. It has a more benign climate, which makes them concentrate on the main agricultural activities and the bulk of the population.
Here the average annual rainfall reaches the 1000 mm.
Overall, the average summer temperatures exceeding 20 C and in winter, the averages are lower than 14 ° C.

These are the characteristics of the weather in Salta City, according to the season:

Summer: Hot and sunny at midday and afternoon, with pleasant mornings and evenings. The daylight lasts until close to 21 hours. In this seasson dominated by rains, which usually begin at dusk.

Fall: Pleasant during the day, with fresh cold nights. Begin to scarce the rainfalls.

Winter: Weather pleasant in the early afternoon. It begins to put fresh throughout the day and cold at night. In this seasson does not rain, so the hills take a brown and the atmosphere is very dry.

Spring: Weather pleasant during the day; fresh cold nights.

 

MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
AVERAGE
RAINFALL (MM)
JANUARY
27ºC
16ºC
21ºC
183
FEBRUARY
26ºC
16ºC
20ºC
163
MARCH
24ºC
14ºC
19ºC
119
APRIL
22ºC
11ºC
16ºC
36
MAY
21ºC
7ºC
13ºC
8
JUNE
19ºC
3ºC
10ºC
3
JULY
20ºC
3ºC
10ºC
3
AUGUST
22ºC
4ºC
12ºC
5
SEPTEMBER
23ºC
7ºC
15ºC
8
OCTOBER
26ºC
11ºC
19ºC
25
NOVEMBER
27ºC
14ºC
21ºC
66
DECEMBER
28ºC
15ºC
21ºC
137

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General Information

Our services do not include lunch, museum or archaeological sites tickets or any extras (unless stated otherwise in each case).
Do not forget to bring comfortable and warm clothes (coat, gloves, hat), sunscreen and sunglasses.
People with heart-related or respiratory conditions should check with a doctor before their tour due to the high altitude of some activities.
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Salta is considered one of the prettiest cities in Northern Argentina and one of the favourites for starting or finishing a schedule around this area. Distances in town are not huge making Salta a walking friendly city, it is ideal for hanging around its narrow streets among the people and the careless, chaotic traffic.

From time to time, it may happen that a rainy day is trying to ruin our stay in the city, specially if you are visiting Salta during summer which is rain season. Finding an umbrella will not be a problem since street vendors appear everywhere once the drops start touching the ground. The important aspect here is that you don’t feel down because of the rain; get ready to enjoy some activities that will make you forget about the weather and enjoy this interesting city.

Museums are a great choice for a rainy day. Visiting the MAAM (High Altitude Archaeology Museum), the old City Hall (Cabildo, Northern History Museum), Pajcha (Ethnical Art Museum) or MAC (Modern Art Museum) are great ways to learn more about the history and culture of the region and find shelter until the sun comes out again.
If you are a fan of the handmade products, the Handcrafts Market (Av. San Martín 2555) is a great plan for a rainy afternoon. You can use a couple hours to walk around this colonial mansion and enjoy the beautiful works of art made by local artists. A great place to learn about regional products and come back home with lots of souvenirs!

The universal plan for rainy days is going to the cinema. Salta has a few options to enjoy a nice movie with popcorn and forget about the weather for a few hours. Big complexes such as Hoyts and Cinemark can be found in Alto NOA and Libertad shopping malls. However, there is a cheaper alternative right in the middle of the center. Cine Ópera (Urquiza 560) is an old movie theatre and the only survivor of the war with the big companies.

Another good plan is checking out what is playing at Salta’s theatres. We recommend checking out Teatro Provincial, Fundación Salta, Teatro del Huerto and El Teatrino for different spectacles, plays and concerts that can save you from a boring rainy night.

Northern Argentina is a region with a vast cultural heritage, specially if we look at it from an archaeological or anthropological point of view. Different organizations from Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Perú, Ecuador and Colombia joined in 2002 to support the research, conservation and awareness on one of the most complex communication networks humanity has ever heard of.
Qhapaq Ñan (or main road) was one of the key resources of the Inca empire, the Tahuantinsuyu. It extends throughout the Andean region, which is why the Argentine Northwest houses many archaeological sites that allow us to understand more about how these peoples lived. In 2014, and thanks to this joint effort, the Inca Road was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Incas took advantage of the previously existent infrastructure and took it to a whole new level; it was not only the most important communication network in the continent but also a huge demonstration of their power and authority. The road had reached its summit by the 15th century, uniting all of the region under the Inca economic and cultural system until the Spanish conquerors came.
The over 30000 kilometers that make up Qhapaq Ñan cross all sorts of environments: arid deserts, jungles, forests and 6000 meters high mountains, where many burial sites were found. Many of this sites can be found in the Argentine Northwest and are great places to learn more about the pre hispanic cultures.

One of the most important sites is Llullaillaco volcano. Located in the limit between Salta province and Chile, this is the place where one of the most important findings of the last decades took place: three frozen children were found in excellent conditions and are now displayed with many other discovered objects at the MAAM (High Altitude Archaeology Museum). This is a must seen when visiting Salta since it is one of the most innovative museums in the world, allowing the visitors to choose if they want to see the bodies displayed in chambers that imitate the conditions in which they were found.
Santa Rosa de Tastil is home to the ruins of the biggest pre-Columbian city in present day Argentina, a strategic point between the Puna and Calchaquí Valleys. It is possible to visit a small museum with a very interesting collection about a civilization that disappeared under mysterious circumstances.

There are also many important sites around Cachi like La Paya and plenty of important cave paintings and engraved stones. The Pablo Díaz Archaeological Museum is located in front of the main square and offers a wide collection of findings from the Nevado de Cachi sites such as Uña Tambo.
Jujuy also has an important patrimony, with the Tilcara’s Pucará as the main discovery in the area. At above 2500 meters, this reconstructed fortress allows the visitors to recreate and imagine the ways of life and traditions of the old inhabitants. Thanks to the Buenos Aires University and the hardworking ethnographers and archaeologists of the 20th century, this is one really impressive place to see if you travel to the Quebrada de Humahuaca.

There are hundreds of archaeological sites throughout this gorge such as El Alfarcito, Peñas Blancas, Inca Cueva (covered with ancient paintings) or Huachichocana, one of the earliest settlements in all of South America.
To the South, in the province of Tucumán, there are sites such as El Pichao, Quilmes or Tafí del Valle. In the latest, huge carved stones known as menhires were found and can be visited in El Mollar.
Northern Argentina is, without a doubt, a region of huge archaeological richness and is a constant invitation to learn about its ancient culture and participate in the protection and spreading of these knowledge. Archaeological heritage belongs to every citizen of Argentina, represents our history and identity and is everyone’s job to take care of it.